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Science and Technology In Economic Thinking

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Nasserali Azimi, Sajad Barkhordari Durbash
Number of Pages: 
220000 Rials

Nowdays,  science and technology are regarded as an inseprable part of human life. This phenomen has  solved a lot of problems of humans. With the evolution in human needs, the types of science and technology have changed and   different ideas have been introduced to allow human to achieve a high level of welfare. Paying attention to the importance of science and technology in today’s world, we see that this phenomen has been an important basis for developing new ideas. The development of ideas has always considere science and technology as a tool  for social development, but the importance of science and technology according to new theories goes further than that.

The important role of science and technology in social development is the primary incentive for this study. In this book, in order to understand better the role of science and tehcnology, we discuss development theories in economics and set out the main economic development theories since Adam Smith up until the current period. This book includes five chapters as follows:

Chapter 1: consider the relationship between science and technology and the evolution of science and tehcnology in development of global experiences is described.

Chapter 2: addresses the share of science and technology in economic theories and its role  in the work of the first and second generations of economists, including Classicists, Keynesians and Neoclassice schools was analyzed.

Chapter 3: analyses the role of science and technology in economic theories from Adam Smith to Karl Marx. In each theory, the points related to science and technology are discussed.

Chapter 4: explains the role of science and technology in economic theories from Marx up to now. Like third chapter, we study each theory and compare them.  

Chapter 4: in this final chapter, we survy the ideas of some Iranian economists concerning  the role of science and technology in economic development in Iran. We also compare the ideas of Iranian economists with contemparary ideas related to the role of sicence and technology in economic development. This study is first  in the field of science and technology that discusses its role  in economic theories.


National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP) affiliated to the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, I.R. Iran is a think tank in the fields of science and technology policy-making and research in the country.

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