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The Mentalities of Basic Sciences’leading Researchers About The Scientific Community In Iran

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The Mentalities of Basic Sciences’leading Researchers About The Scientific Community In Iran

Authors: 
Mohammad Amin Ghaneirad, Farhad Khosrokhavar
Journal: 
IRANIAN OF HIGHER EDUCATION
Number: 
3
Publish Date: 
2011

The present study, based on an ethnological approach in sociology, studies the mentalities of researchers in regards to the scientific community in Iran. The theoretical section of the paper presents the sociological views concerning social system and social action and institutionalist and ethnological standpoints about the scientific communities. This study used a qualitative approach through semi-structured interviews with 69 leading researchers, mainly in basic sciences, who had published large amounts of papers in refereed journals indexed in ISI. In the findings section of the paper, researchers’ mentalities are classified. These mentalities include categories of existence or notexistence of scientific communities in Iran, their characteristics and their definitions by researchers. In the concluding section, different viewpoints are compared with each other and the study results are reviewed against Merton’s ideas as a leading figure of institutionalist theorist of sociology.

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National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP) affiliated to the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, I.R. Iran is a think tank in the fields of science and technology policy-making and research in the country.

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