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به پایگاه اطلاعرسانی «مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور» خوشآمدید!
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In today’s ever changing world, technology development, as a competitive pillar, and the engine of economic growth, is of great importance. Different countries, depending on their specific conditions, consider some policies for their technological development, especially with focus on strategic technologies, to gain more growth and better economic position, and governments purposefully intervene in technology development and industrialization by formulating national documents for these technologies. But existence of some methodological discrepancies in formulating these documents with national characteristics in Iran, highlighted the necessity of presenting a localized and scientific methodology for formulating them. Accordingly, this book has been written with the aim of offering a set of methods (in terms of a methodology) to be used for writing national documents of strategic technologies’ development and congruent with localized needs and characteristics.
The book content has been provided in terms of three parts. First part, under the title of “Needs and Necessities”, includes three chapters. First one is about investigating the incumbency of government intervention in technological development and the necessity of formulating national documents of strategic technologies. Some examples of Iran’s and other countries’ national documents of science and technology development will be studied in the second chapter, and in the third one, along with the diagnostic of Iran’s and other countries’ national documents of technology development, content and process obstrictions will be explained, and the concept of the methodology for national documents of strategic technologies will be expressed.
Second part, under the title of “Frameworks and Tools”, has been written in seven chapters. First chapter, focuses on introducing core elements and presenting a total perspective of the proposed methodology. Each of the six elements of the proposed methodology, including basics and dimensions of document, technology intelligence, vision and strategies, actions plan and policy tools, operational programs, and evaluation and updating program, are the titles of the six future chapters of this part.
Finally, concepts of future studies, technology management, and innovation policy studies will be investigated in terms of three separate chapters in the third part, under the title of “A Review on Concepts”. In the first chapter of this part, namely “A Brief Review on Future Studies Concepts”, while having a review on future studies history, future studies in developing countries will be investigated, and then some of its most important methods will be introduced in three groups, including environmental scanning, extrapolatory approaches and creative approaches. In the second chapter of this part, while introducing national and firm level strategies, existing models in each of these two modes, different proposed models in terms of firm and national level of technology capability evaluation, and technology acquisition models will be investigated. And finally, in the third chapter, concepts of technological transitions, technological innovation systems, transition management and strategic niches management will be introduced.