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Developing scientific concepts in the society and simplifying them for others to understand, is one of the important aims of science popularization. The history and vicissitudes of science have occupied significant place in the realm of science popularization. Popularizing and generalizing science play an important role in the socio-economic life of the society. With the aim of raising public awareness, the popularization of science is proposed as a transdisciplinary topic.
It is the easiest way to allow public access and promote understanding of people to scientific results and, moreover, adds to our understanding of existing facts. Stimulating human attention toward science as well as providing people with simplified yet real version of the most important scientific results is the primary aim of popularizing science.
Popularization of science, in case of continuity, promotes scientific thinking and rationalism in the society and paves the way for the furtherance and institutionalization of science and eventually improvement and prosperity of the society. Science popularization, on the one hand, revolves around the public interest in science and technology and, on the other hand, considers deepening the public understanding of science and technology. In other words, it addresses the interaction of the three scopes of society, science- technology and government.
Popularization of science as an executive activity should enjoy characteristics which could make way for the interaction of people and science. For several years, the concept of science popularization has been proposed and discussed in the Iranian society. Today, the necessity of discussing this issue in the society is felt more than ever. In order to fulfill the goal of popularizing science, regardless of ethnic, cultural, linguistic, sociological, political and other diversities in the different societies, the essence, tools, methods, aims, actors and international experiences of science popularization should be considered.
Despite the common components required to achieve quantitative and tangible results of advancement in science popularization, some indexes are required. These indexes may differ according to different culture and geographic location. Therefore, in this book, as well as the common features of the science popularization, the distinguishing characteristics are also considered. Hence, in order to turn the experiences of other societies and countries in the realm of science popularization to good account, the process of popularizing science in the United States of America, England, Germany, China and India were studied. Also in this book, the methods and indexes of popularization of science are discussed. Altogether, this book, in seven chapters addresses the issues of science popularization, methods, indexes and case studies.